Small-Caps vs Large-Caps? What Kinds of Equity Mutual Funds are Right for You?

Equity mutual fund investments can be a great instrument to build and increase your wealth gradually. However, for individuals who are new to investing, understanding the different types of mutual funds available can be confusing. Small-cap and large-cap funds are the two such types of equity mutual funds, each with its own traits, advantages, and factors to consider. 

This makes it important for you to decide which mutual to invest in based on your financial goals and risk tolerance. In this article, we will learn about equity mutual funds in order to gain understanding and clarity for informed decision-making.Β 

What Are Small-Cap Equity Mutual Funds?

Small-cap funds are those that invest mostly in the equities of smaller, less established businesses with comparatively modest market capitalizations. Small-cap companies are classified as companies having a market capitalization of lower than Rs. 5000 cr. Due to the volatility of these companies, small-cap funds have a higher risk but significant growth potential.

Characteristics of Small-Cap FundsΒ 

  1. Qualities of High Growth Potential Small-Cap Funds:
    Compared to their larger competitors, small-cap companies have a significantly higher potential for growth. They frequently have new business structures and products that are still in the early stages of development and can support quick expansion. This is also reflected in small-cap funds as they invest in these companies.
  1. Greater Risk and Volatility:
    Small-cap funds may be volatile as the invested companies are prone to higher market fluctuations due to their size as well as their stage of development. Investors are likely to encounter increased risk as a consequence. However, there is also an opportunity for higher gains.
  1. Diversification challenges:
    Due to the small number of investable small-cap equities, achieving efficient diversification in a small-cap fund can be difficult.

What Are Large-Cap Equity Mutual Funds?

Large-cap equity funds invest mainly in the equities of established, significant corporations with a market capitalization above Rs. 20,000 cr. Compared to mid-cap or small-cap funds, these funds often offer stability and lower risk, target consistent returns, and tend to be appealing to more conservative investors.

Characteristics of Large-Cap Funds

  1. Stability and Safety:
    Large-cap corporations typically have a stronger track record of stability and performance. They have numerous sources of income, solid customer bases, and capable management. This translates to large-cap funds offering more stability to investment portfolios.
  1. Lower Risk and Volatility:
    Large-cap funds are generally considered less volatile and riskier than small-cap funds. They offer some stability even in difficult market conditions.
  1. Easier Diversification:
    Diversification is simpler with large-cap funds because they invest in a variety of well-established companies from many industries.

Small-Caps vs Large-Caps Funds: Which One to Choose?

There is no clear answer here. Small-cap equities mutual funds should be taken into consideration if you have a higher risk tolerance and a longer investment horizon. A small-cap fund can fit your investment plan if you think smaller, emerging companies have the potential for growth and you have the ability to face short-term market volatility. 

The one who wishes to invest in small-cap funds should first learn small caps investing basics very well to avoid uncertainty and confusion.Β 

On the other hand, if you have a lower risk tolerance or are seeking stable returns for long-term goals such as retirement, large-cap equity mutual funds are appealing. If you prefer established companies with a history of steady growth and dividend payments, a large-cap fund might align well with your investment goals. 

However, it is important to learn small caps investing as well as large-cap investing to clear your basics. For this, you can enroll in the equity mutual funds course offered byΒ has one of the best mutual funds courses online that will help you get started with choosing the best equity mutual funds.

Before we move ahead to understand how you can select the best mutual funds for your financial goals, let’s also understand another important equity mutual fund type – mid-cap funds.Β 

Mid-Cap Equity Mutual Funds

Mid-cap equity mutual funds fall between small-cap and large-cap funds. The funds invest in companies with a market capitalization between that of small and large caps. You should learn mid caps investing to understand the core concept of this equity fund.Β 

Characteristics of Mid-Cap Funds

  1. Balanced Growth Potential:
    Mid-cap funds offer a balance between growth potential and stability. The invested stocks have a more established presence compared to small-caps and still possess growth potential.
  1. Moderate Risk and Volatility:
    Mid-cap funds often offer moderate risks and volatility, making them a good choice for investors looking to balance possible gains and risks.
  1. Diversification:
    Compared to small-cap funds, achieving diversification in mid-cap funds is easier.

If you are looking for a balance between growth potential and stability, with a moderate risk appetite, should consider mid-cap equity mutual funds. Adding mid-cap funds along with large-cap funds can help you diversify your portfolio and still ensure that it has stability and growth potential.Β 

3 Factors to Consider for Choosing the Right FundΒ 

Your level of risk tolerance, investing perspective, and financial goals will impact your choice of selecting the top equity mutual funds. You should learn equity mutual funds thoroughly by analyzing these variables.Β 

  1. Risk Tolerance:
    Identify your comfort level with risk by evaluating your risk tolerance. Small-cap funds might be right for you if you are able to tolerate higher levels of volatility and are ready to take on higher risks in exchange for potentially greater returns. Large-cap funds, on the other hand, can be an improved choice if you prefer an increasingly dependable investment with less risk.
  1. Investment Horizon:
    Think about how long you want to invest. Long-term investors may have the patience to withstand the volatility of small-cap funds and reap the rewards of their high growth potential. Large-cap funds may offer greater stability if your time horizon is shorter such as 4-5 years.
  1. Objectives for Diversification:
    Evaluate how much you need to diversify. A large-cap fund can be good if you are interested in a single fund with a well-diversified portfolio. A small-cap fund might be suitable if you’re ready to accept a greater focus and risk in pursuing higher returns.

To make investing easier, you should not only learn large caps investing or mid/small-cap investing but also the basics. To elevate your understanding of mutual funds, enroll in’s mutual fund course.


Whether it is a small-cap, mid-cap, or large-cap equity mutual fund, each offers unique advantages and comes with certain risks. The key to making the right choice lies in understanding your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and diversification preferences. It is equally important to have a long-term vision in focus. To learn equity investing, join

Shubh Maheshwari

A trading enthusiast who reads, writes, and is curious about life.

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